Agra Fort – House for Medieval Mughals:
Visiting ancient places will never go out of style. Still today, many people, along with their friends and family, like to make their day memorable and to add up ancient knowledge by visiting ancient places. So, in this article, you will know about the beautiful architecture and India’s most historical fort, from the era of the famous Mughals, Agra Fort- House for Medieval Mughals.
Agra- The City of Forts:
The city, Agra, is the most popular and oldest in India. It is on the fourth-most famous city district wise and 24th in city wise. Agra is a well-known city for its pleasant atmosphere, war histories, ancient and historical beauty. Agra is a site that captures the hearts and minds of many tourists and visitors from every corner of the globe.
Agra got one of the seven wonders of the globe that is the Taj Mahal.
Agra city has a lot of special and famous things that make this city on the top of the list, including Food and dishes (Petha is One of the famous dishes in Agra), Local Shopping markets, which are cheap and reasonable, largest footwear industries.
Agra has several forts that make an ancient and historical city, for instance, the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort etc. Agra has the largest Masjid in India. It is also famous for the Majestic gardens. Mehtab Bagh and Ram Bagh are the two most in Agra. Ram Bagh and Mehtab Bagh are two of the most famous gardens.
Besides all of these, Agra is also famous for its Fine marble and tile works, wildlife SOS, Kinari Bazar, tourist facilities, hotels, Mughlai dishes, amazing lake sights, and whatnot.
So, what are you waiting for, pack your bags and get your tickets done, and have a wonderful Agra City Trip?
History of Agra Fort:
Agra Fort is known for its unique and ancient history. Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort, is located in the well-known city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Agra Fort is situated on the Yamuna River initially and covers around 380,000 sq. ft. area.
Agra fort is connected to another ancient fort and another masterpiece of Agra city, the Taj Mahal. The historical Fort, Agra Fort, initially was built around in 1565, which took approximately eight years to be constructed by the greatest Mughal emperor Akbar, son of Humayun. Afterwards, the structures of Agra Fort were rebuilt by his grandson, Shah Jahan, who continued the architecture of Agra fort and most of the marble creations in the fort is done by him, which gives a beautiful insight to the fort.
Agra Fort was designated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983. The Agra Fort served as a house of the Mughal empire. It was shifted to Fateh Sikri and then to Dehli. Mughals conquered the Agra Fort in 1526 after the battle of Panipat and an immense treasure, which includes the diamond called Koh-i-Noor, which was then seized.
Architecture and Layouts of Agra Fort-The Red Fort:
The antique bricks formed the initial bases of The Agra Fort. It was structured beautifully. The historical sandstones known as Red Stones were made and brought from Rajasthan, which adds up the beauty on the external surfaces of the fort. After all, The Agra Fort was entirely made up of those Red Stones, and because of those stones, The Agra Fort is also known as The Red Fort. The walls of the Agra Fort are 70 ft high.
Elegant patterns of the Mughal architecture inside the fort include Dehli gate, Amar Singh Gate, and Bengali Mahal. This design describes the Mughal architecture as well as sets an example of Akbari architecture, known as Indo-Islamic architecture.
Among those patterns and designs, the Delhi Gate is counted as the most noticeable for its beautiful architecture patterns. Still, it is marked as Akbar’s greatest masterpiece. Talking about the architecture of the Agra Fort, it was built by the expert and specialist architectures.
The rooms of the fort were constructed in a way that they remain cool and refresh even in the hot weather. It is said that the walls of the entire fort were made hollow initially but afterwards filled with the refreshing and cold water from the river, in such a way the rooms of the fort would remain cool and stimulating.
The Foundations of Agra Fort is in a manner of semi-circular patterns, faces near to the Yamuna river.
Agra Fort comprises of four gates designed elegantly. Among them, two gates are the most popular and are leading one, which includes, Delhi gate and Lahore gate. These gates were used as a safety catch back then by the royals and for military purposes.
The multiple safe and secured gate has another gate, an elephant gate, situated inside, which was used as a protective purpose for the safety of the Royal family from enemies and attackers. On the other hand, The Dehli Gate is still used by the great Indian army for safety purposes. Moreover, another gate is counted in the fort, which gives a major and true gateway situated in the South, The Amar Singh Gate, or Akbar Gate.
Inside the Agra Fort, there are many palaces, halls, mahals, courts, rooms, gardens, and secret gateways and pathways, which sometimes gives like a maze look for the visitors and tourists. The most notable palaces which include, Khas Mahal, Macchi Bhavan, and Shah Jahani Mahal. Among them, Khas Mahal was built by white marbles that give beautiful insight. It was very near to the heart of Shah Jahan.
Shah Jahan also built three places for his private worship, entirely made up of elegant marbles, Mina Masjid, Moti Masjid, and Nagina Masjid.
Agra Fort has royal hammams (baths), made up of marbles, are usually used by the princesses of the fort. A secret passageway is located at the initial base of the fort, especially emergency purposes. Other insights inside the Agra Fort are jasmine tower, Sheesh Mahal (made up of mirror entirely), a grape garden, immense courtyards, which are two in numbers named Diwan E Khas and Diwan E Aam.
Diwan E Khas was used by the rulers and their fellow men for war purposes. Whereas, Diwan E Aam is for the public audience.
Significant Structures inside The Agra Fort:
Some additional significant structures inside the Agra fort that catches the visitors or tourists’ insights are;
Hauz Of Jahangir: This is a solid and uniform tub, was built by Jahangir. This tub is used for bathing purposes.
Shahjahani Mahal: It is the most advanced effort by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It is a turnover of Red sandstones mahal into a mahal of white marbles entirely. The love for white marbles in the heart of Shah Jahan was incredible.
Babur Baoli (stepwell): The initial and the freshest alteration inside the Agra Fort is the stepwell, built by Babur. This well is made up of stones, and it carries cold water.
Ghazni Gate: Initially, this gate belongs to the monument of Mahmood of Ghazni, the most notable ruler of the Ghazni Empire. British moved this gate from the tomb into the fort for many political issues.
Bengali Mahal: Akbar built the Bengali Mahal and after it was handed over the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, for some alterations. It is said that there were hidden secrets buildings under the Bengali Palace.
Akbar’s Mahal: It was built by Akbar, where he took his last breath in this palace. Akbar palace is made up of red sandstones entirely and still famous.
Agra Fort is famous as Red Fort:
As mentioned above, Agra Fort is also called Red Fort because of the title of Red stone. The Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, moved to Delhi after eleven years from Agra. He systematized the ancient stones in Red Fort in the year 1618, and the bases were designed by the expert architectures who worked day-night along with 4000 workers, which took about eight years to be completed.
Golden Time to Visit the Agra Fort:
The golden time to visit the Agra Fort and make it a wonderful trip is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and mild, and the visitor or tourist can enjoy his/her trip peacefully.
Timings/visiting Hours of The Agra Fort:
To visit the Agra Fort, visiting timings are scheduled, which are from 6.00 am (Morning) till 6.00 pm (evening). This timing is best because of the pleasant daylight. On the other hand, Agra Fort is also open during the night, where amazing lights and music will blow the insights of visitors and tourists. The music show is conducted for at least 1 hour, including two separate sessions of Hindi and English kinds of music.
Tickets of the Agra Fort:
The visitors and tourists have to buy tickets, so they are allowed to go inside the fort and visit it.
For Local People = The charges to visit the fort for local people is Rs. 40 only.
For Foreign Tourists/Visitors: The charges to visit the fort for foreign tourists or visitors are Rs.500-550 only.
How to Reach Agra Fort?
The city of forts, Agra, is connected to several cities by roads and railways. The city has its private airport that is Agra Civil Enclave. There are several ways to reach the dream destination- The Agra Fort.
Because Agra got its private Airpot, connected directly with other cities, including Dehli, Khajuraho, Varanasi.
Dehli, Jaipur, Gwalior, and Luckow are the places that connect nationally and Internationally. Furthermore, the following are the distances from cities, including,
Agra to Dehli: The distance is around 203 km.
Agra to Jaipur: The distance is around 232 km.
Agra to Gwalior: The distance is around 118 km.
Agra to Lucknow: The distance is approximately 363 km.
Travelling by train to reach the Agra Fort is another option. Agra Cantt, Raja ki Mandi, and Agra Fort are the three main railway stations connected to the main cities of India. Another railway stationareIdgah and Agra City.
Travelling through Rajdhani, Double-Decker Express and, Shatabdi is a bonus because these trains are premium that will add up more fun and glory to your trip.
By Bus or By Road:
The city, Agra, is also connected by road with the well-known cities, which includes Dehli, Lucknow, and Jaipur. If you are a tourist and want to catch up on some road trips to reach your dream destination, then choosing a taxi or a bus will count as a good option. Agra city has a major and premium bus stands. Idgah Bus Stand. Taj Depot, Inter-State Bus terminal, and Fort Depot are the popular ones.
By Local Transport:
Besides travelling by air, buses, trains, and stations, a tourist can enjoy their trip by travelling through local transports. They are cheap and easily available on many streets of Agra city. There are various forms of local transportations, including Cycle rickshaw, local buses, taxis, auto-rickshaw, and much more.
On the other hand, many tour operators have different packages for tourists and visitors, from low and cheap rates to high, according to the needs of tourists.
Nearby Places to Visit
After visiting the Agra fort, some amazing places are always on the list of a tourist or visitors. If you are a tourist, then add up the following places to visit on your list.
Tomb of John Russel Colvin (walk of 2 minutes from the Agra Fort).
The Anguri Bagh or The Grape Garden – Located in front of Khas Mahal of Jahangir. It is a site for nature photography and nature lovers.
Taj Mahal (1.3 Miles away from the Agra Fort).
Akbar’s Mahal in Sikandra (13km from Agra Fort).
Jama Masjid (7 minutes from the Agra Fort).
Shri Mankameshwar Mandir (7minutes’ walk from Agra Fort).
Jawab Masjid (12minutes’ walk from the fort).
Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah (1.1 miles away from the fort).
Shah Burj (2.2 miles away from the fort).
Myra Qureshi is a medical student, a passionate newbie writer, and a trainee author at fundaking.com. She is willing to write in health issues, diet, self-care, travel and tourism, and, motivational related niche, and published her articles on medium.com. She likes to engage herself with words. She is willing to be the best and great content writer.