Rajasthan is known for its culture and traditions, art and colors, history, and architecture. When you hear about it, all the glorious and royal history of Indian Rajputs clicks your senses. Rajasthan has its basic tourism fame due to its marvel, Kumbhalgarh Fort, a remarkable site to visit. There are many other incredible places in Rajasthan but Kumbhalgarh is one of its masterpieces standing with its stunning culture, history, architecture, fairs and festivals, temples, WildLife forests, and many other things to astonish a visitor. If you are an adventurous person and love to explore historically it’s the best option to visit first. Fort itself is a symbolic representation of its glorious past.
Under the reign of Rajputs and Mughals, this site became richer in architecture. Every part of the Fort exhibits the valor and indomitable spirit of Rajputs. Even the nearby areas are of no less worth to visit.
Rajsamand is a small town and district headquarters of Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh Fort is located in this small town. Rana Raj Singh designed an artificial Rajsamand Lake in this town so it’s named after this lake. This little but enrich with culture and heritage town, attracts most of the tourism of India towards its enchanting beauty. Kumbhalgarh a like a hidden gem of Rajasthan when it is fully illuminated and adorned in its festive days it presents a complete image of royalty and luxury.
Architecture of Kumbhalgarh Fort
Kumbhalgarh Fort is 2nd largest fort of Rajasthan. Its wall is 36 km high considered as the 2nd largest wall after The Great Wall of China. The fort is situated on Aravalli Ranges. This fort distinguishes Mewar from Marwar. It’s a part of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
It is designed in Rajputs Military Hills Style by architect Mandan. It is 3600ft high from sea level and fort’s total height is 1100 ft. Fort and its ramparts are constructed with sturdy strong blocks while its temples are structured in miniature carving quite delicately and vividly. It has another notable spot in it which is called Qatargarh. It was constructed on the ruins of Jain king Samprati, grandson of Ashoka.
History of Kumbhalgarh Fort
Rana Kumbha constructed Kumbhalgarh Fort in 15 century 1458 AD. It took 15 years for its completion. His kingdom was extended to Mewar from Gwalior so he built 31 forts to protect his kingdom.
The history narrates that its accomplishment faced many troubles, afterward, Rana Kumbha was suggested by a priest to offer a sacrifice. He illustrated that a Devi was an inhabitant of the prominence, who can be pleased by a sacrifice. The priest offered himself for oblation. He sauntered on the mount and the site where he was assassinated is the exact location of the fort. Mandan was directed to design its architecture. Rana Kumbha had made coins of the name of the fort and Rana Kumbha after its construction as a celebration.
Kumbhalgarh Fort is a significant symbol of history. Rana Uday Singh came here in his childhood after the death of his father Prithvi Raj Chuhan, by Panna Dhai, while Chittorgarh was in danger in. Many rulers of the time attempted to conquer Kumbhalgarh Fort but no one succeeded. It was assumed that deities were fortifying the fort.
- Allaudin Khilji attacked it in 1303, but he faced failure.
- Ahmed Shah attacked and damaged the Banmata temple but bore no fruit.
- In 1458, 1459, and 1467, all the mighty forces of India including Emperor Akbar, Rana Uday Singh Mewar, Rana Man Singh, and Mirzas of Gujrat got together to conquer it.
- Eventually, Shahbaz Khan, a general of Emperor Akbar, took control over it.
- Later on, Marathas took possession of it in 1808.
Gates to Enter in Fort
There are seven possible gates to enter the complex of the fort.
- Ariat Pol to the South there is a forest in its surroundings where wild tigers and boars live, in case of any trouble there it gives mirror signals to other gates,
- Hulla Pol leads tourists to Hanuman Pol, an image of Hanuman is displayed there that Rana Kumbha has taken from Mandavpur,
- Nimboo Pol is the place where Rana Udhay Singh was brought by Panna Dhai for refuge.
Other gates are Ram Pol to the North, Danibatta to the East, Paghara Pol, Bhairon Pol
Temples Of Kumbhalgarh Fort
The total numbers of temples in the fort are 364 and 300 out of them are Jain temples. These temples include Ganesh Temple, Vedi Temple, Neelkandh Mahadev, Parsvanath Temple, Bhawan Devi, Golerao Group of Temples, Mamadio, Pitalia Dev.
Neelkandh Temple is the most significant temple of all. This temple is a marvel of Kumbhalgarh Fort. It has a huge structure. It has 24 pillars, a wide courtyard, 5 ft high Shivling. Its circle dome’s ceiling is carved intricately. The most interesting thing heard about the temple is Maharana Kumbha never started his day without visiting the Shiv deity. He was tall enough to meet the height of the deity structure when sat to worship.
Heading towards Hanuman Pol you will reach Vedi temple, dedicated to Hindu Goddess Vedi. It faces the west, allocated on a high spot and, majestic in architecture. It consists of 36 pillars and 3 storeys built in Octagonal shape. It a part of Jain Temples and is used for sacred rituals. It is renovated in Rana Fateh’s reign.
Ganesh temple was built near the palace so that it could be easy for the royal family to come and visit the temple and offer ritual ceremonies there. It was built by Rana Kumbha, during his kingdom. It is built above a 12 ft high platform.
You can watch its complete biography, well depicted in
Besides its sculpture and historical part, Kumbhalgarh Fort also entertains its tourism with its Light and Sound Show which is a recall to cultural and traditional antiquity. The show starts at 6:45 pm, of 45 mins. You need to buy tickets to rejoice yourself from it.
Gher Ghoomar Festival
In December, a dazzling harmonious festival begins here. It is exhibited for the first three days of December. People from all over India come here with their art and skills to participate in the amusing festival. The festival can be portrayed into two parts, in the morning there is an exhibition of art, sculpture, regional stuff, ethnic wears and handmade stuff such as Jewelry and many more, in the evening a melodious folk dance concert commences here that is full of sound, music and sparkling lights.
In the night, Participants show different folk and traditional dance forms such as Kalbeliyas, Langas, Terahtaali, Kachi Ghodi, and Odissi.
Other competitions like Paghari Bandho, Musical Chair, and Tug of war let the audience make themselves a part of the festival. There you can also witness a skillful and historical puppet show of Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh Fort gives a different picture of flickers, glimmers, hues, and rituals during the night in festive days. This fest is an attribute to Maharana Kumbha’s dedicated contribution to art and culture.
Other Places Inside The Fort
Kumbhalgarh Fort has a variety of historical and sculptural spots to explore, you will never get bored of wandering in it from morning to dusk.
Rana Kumbha Palace
Rana Kumbha Palace is a marvel of Rajput architecture. Inside it, there is a darbar with blue paint. Separation is made for women and men palace through a corridor in between. There are images of camels, elephants, and crocodiles carved on walls of women’s palace.
It is a double-story palace separated by a corridor for men and women. It was built in the rule of Rana Fateh (1885-1930). The women’s portion is adorned with ancient paintings.
Jhalia ka Malia
It is a palace where Rana Pratap has taken birth. It’s a palace of Queen Jhali having flat roofs and ordinary walls. The rubble stones are used in its construction. You can visit it going through the Paghara Pol.
Nearby Places to Explore
Wild Life Sanctuary
Kumbhalgarh Fort’s Wild Life sanctuary is an attraction for adventurers. It is covering a huge area of nearly 610 km sq. It has wild tigers, boars, and wolves. The birds like peacocks, doves, grey pigeons, white-breasted kingfishers surround the water hole areas. You can go there either in one timing slots, 6 to 9 in the morning or 4 to 5 in the evening.
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Ranakpur Jain Temple is well known for its ancient architectural structure. It has been included in 5 significant temples of Jain. It’s situated in Ranakpur village, Pali district that is in between Udaipur and Jodhpur. Temple is magnificent and grand as it embodies twenty-nine halls and eighty domes. Its second name is Chaturmukha Dharana Vihara.
Muchhal Mahavir Temple
A wonderful piece of architecture, dedicated to Lord Mahavir. In Kumbhalgarh fort, a temple named, Muchhal Mahavir is popular for strange ritual fiction narrated by locals and in religious books. It is also located in the Jali district 5 km away from Ghanerao. People are familiar with this temple for the statue of Shiv with a mustache. It is sited in a peaceful and refreshing atmosphere of Kumbha Sanctuary. This lush and calm site provides tranquility of heart and mind.
Resorts and other activities
The most interesting thing about a trip to Kumbhalgarh Fort is that its surrounding has many luxurious resorts to stay at. There are no 5-star resorts but you can easily get a room in a 3-star or 4-star resort or restaurant. If you are a foreigner and want a night stay there it can be managed at in expense of 5k to 6k in a nearby resort or restaurant. It will provide you every facility. The most famous resorts of the area are Ramada Resort, Club Mahindra, Mahua Bhag, Aodhi Resort, Times Kumbhalgarh, etc.
You will have an abundance of perks for visiting Kumbhalgarh. There you can do more fun and adventures such as Mountain Trekking, Pond Fishing, Zipline Expedition, and much more. It’s a complete refreshing and picnic spot either you go with your family or friends, you will never regret investing your time and money on this trip.
How to reach Kumbhalgarh Fort
As Kumbhalgarh is a small town it does not have any airport and railway station in it. The nearest railway line is in Falna and the airport is in Udaipur. Tourists can travel to Kumbhalgarh from either of these two directions.
Distance from Udaipur and Falna station
The distance from Udaipur is 103Km and Falna is 100km. It will take approx 1 hr 40 min to reach the fort. You can book a cab as there is no bus station at Kumbhalgarh Fort. The buses from nearby stations pass by there you can avail of it too.
It would be better to buy your tickets for entrance in the fort online. The rate of a ticket is INR 25 for local people and INR 300 for foreigners. You can buy tickets from websites.
Best Time to visit Kumbhalgarh Fort
Its a mostly asked question by travelers that which duration of the years would be suitable to go on a trip to Kumbhalgarh Fort. If you are planning to explore this stunning historical site, it is suggested to visit in October to March as the weather will be favorable during these months.