Location of the Mehrangarh Fort
Mehrangarh fort is one of the largest forts in India, which is located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, It was built in 1459 by Rao Jodha. The beautiful fort is located 410 feet (125 m) above the city and is surrounded by thick walls on all sides.
Structure of the Fort
The fort looks very attractive from the inside also. Inside the fort, several palaces have tangled carvings and large courtyards. There is a twisting course of the road that leads to the city.
The marks of the impact of cannonballs on the second gate of the fort that was fired by the armies of Jaipur can be seen even now. Towards the left of the fort, there is a chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, who was a soldier. The soldier fell on the spot while defending Mehrangarh.
The Victory gates of the Mehrangarh Fort
There are seven gates in total. Out of them, Jayapol gate is the important gate. Jayapol means ‘Victory gate’ which was built by Maharaja Man Singh. The gate was specially built to show respect and honor for his victories over Bikaner and Jaipur armies. There is another gate named Fattehpol which also means ‘Victory Gate’. This gate was built to honor Maharaja Ajit Singhji’s victory over the Mughals.
History of the Mehrangarh Fort
Rao Jodha, who was the fifteenth Rathore ruler, founded Jodhpur, as the capital of Marwar in 1459. After succeeding the throne, he decided to move his capital to another location that was safe because the thousand years old Mandore fort was not considered a safe place now. Rao Jodha gave Rao Nara who was the son of Rao Samra, the title of Diwan. Rao Nara helped Rao Jodha in the foundation of the fort on a hill of rocks. This rocky hill was 9 kilometers(5.6 mi) to the south of Mandore. The hill was known as Bhakurcheeria, which was the mountain of birds. On that hill, there was a man named Cheeria Nathji.
He was known as the lord of birds. He had huge followers and occupied the hill. Rao Jodha requested Cheeria Nathji to leave the hill many times but he denied it. There were a female saint and warrior sage of the Charan caste whose name was Shri Karni Mata. Rao Jodha requested her to help him in acquiring the hill. Cheeria Nathji was asked to leave the hill again by them. This time he had to leave seeing the superior power. But Rao Jodha built a house and a temple in the fort for Cheeria Nathji.
Rao Jodha asked for help from Karni Mata to build the foundation stone of the Mehrangarh Fort. She executed this plan. She laid down the foundation stone of Bikaner and Jodhpur Forts. At present, these forts are in the possession of the Rathors. All this credit was given to Shri Karni Mata. Afterward, Rao Jodha provided villages of Mathania and Chopasni to the two Charan warlords. These warlords were sent by him to request Shri Karni Mata to come to Jodhpur.
This museum in the Mehrangarh Fort is one of the most beautiful and has plenty of stocks.
Mahadol, the Palanquin at Mehrangarh Museum
Howdahs were two-compartment wooden seat decorated with gold and silver sheets which held elephant’s back. The front compartment is made up of metal sheets, especially for the Royal kings. The back part of the compartment was made for the attendants of the king.
Palanquins were a popular means used for travel by the royal ladies in the 20th century. They were also used by other male royals during special occasions.
Daulat Khana had all the treasures of the Mehrangarh Museum. This gallery has the best-preserved collections of applied arts of the Mughals. There are also Emperor Akbar’s remains.
The armoury gallery consists of all the collection of armour from all the periods in Jodhpur. There is a display of handles of swords in silver, rhino horn, ivory, shields decorated with emeralds, rubies, and pearls. The gallery also has guns with gold and silver works on the barrels. There is also the sword of Rao Jodha that weighs almost 3 kg, and the sword of Akbar.
There are beautiful painting works of the Marwars.