ViZIANAGARAM FORT (2020)- Heritage spots in Andhra Pradesh
Are you a history buff? Do you cherish the intricacies of the masterpieces raised by the kings? If you desire to explore the historical places in the state of Andhra Pradesh, then you should not miss to visit Vizianagaram Fort.
From Chanakya’s to Nawabs, several kings have ruled Vizianagaram region. When we reminisce the history or the valour of the kings, the greatness of Vizianagaram can never be overlooked. Not only kings, several poets and other great people were born here.
Dominated by numerous Zamindars, this place remains as the identity of brotherhood and disputes between Zamindars and the British. Amidst the greenery, this land has witnessed several battle.
Extending from Rajahmundry to Srikakulam, this region was under Vizianagaram kings rule for about 200 years.
Back to the 18th century, Vizianagaram Fort is among the prominent Forts in South India, exemplifying the glory of the region and the greatness of the Vizianagaram Kings. The palace holds the legacy of 300 years an
It is among the finest tourist spots for the visitors. This architectural beauty embellishes marvellous structures, temples and palaces within the Fort and is famous for art and culture.
Vizianagaram Fort is located in the heart of Vizianagaram district, in the North eastern part of Andhra Pradesh. It lies 40 km from Vishakhapatnam city and 18 km away from Bay of Bengal.
Also known as Pusapati Fort, this square shaped fort extends for about 240 metres ( 790 ft). Raising at the height of 10 metre (33 ft), it was built strongly. Inside the Fort, a college and Manas Trust is running now.
Who built Vizianagaram Fort ?
Vizianagaram Fort was built by Maharaja Vijaya Rama Raju, also known as Anand Raju in 1713. This was named after the king and foundation was laid on the auspicious day of Vijaya Dashami.
The Location was chosen as it indicates five Vijaya’s ( signifying five signs of victory in Telegu language) and it was suggested by a Muslim saint, Mahabub valli.
Features of Vizianagaram Fort
The corners of the fort have fortifications in the form of bastions. The Fort possesses several temples and monuments. Hanuman temple and Lakshmi temple are the prominant temples in the Fort. The Lakshmi temple ( Kota Shakto) is considered as the guardian deity of the Fort where the kings offered their prayers prior to any war.
Adorned in the Rajasthani style, the gates of the Fort are alluring. The two gates, corresponding the east and the west direction of the Fort were built which serve as the main entrance and the rare entrance of the Fort, respectively.
East gate, also known as “Nagar Khana” had a drum tower and was used for drawing attention of people and announcing royal guests. The west gate served as a traditional gateway to take out the dead bodies for cremation. A beautiful park is replaced by a Moat near the west gate.
Important monuments in the fort
- Moti Mahal
- Oudh Khana
- Alaknanda Palace
- Korukunda Palace
- Ghanta Stambam
Moti Mahal- Built in 1869, Moti Mahal served as a Royal court under the rule of Vizianagaram Raja-III. This palace possess two structures near its entry gate. This hall is donated to the MANAS trust (Maharajah Alak Narayan Society of Arts and Science) which runs a college for the women in the first floor.
Oudh khana- Oudh Khana is the affluent palace of Rajas and is an elegant structure in the Fort. The structure of its bathroom grabs the attention with its octagonal stone structure. The spiral stairway leads to a water tank at the top.
Alakananda Palace- The royal guest house was surrounded with a garden and walkways. This building now hosts a batallion of Andhra Pradesh Armed Reserve Police.
Korukonda Palace- Korukonda Palace is located near the Alakananda Palace. The area surrounding this Palace is used as a playground. A Sainik school runs in this place to train the youth for joining to defence force.
Ghanta stambham- A Clock tower or a victory wall known as Ghanta stambham stands just outside the Fort. It raises to a height of 68 feet (21 meters) and is built of sandstone in 1885. It is octagonal shaped, and was painted white at the top initially and later painted to cream and red.
Places to visit near Vizianagaram fort
The famous places to visit near the Vizianagaram Fort are
- Pydithalli Ammavaru temple
- Perla House
Pydithalli Ammavaru temple- Near to the Vizianagaram Fort, there is a temple of Pydithalli Ammavaru. The Goddess of this temple was first found and worshipped on Vijayadashami day in 1752. Jatra or a religious fair is celebrated on 21 and 22 of October indicating the arrival of the Goddess. There is a Shivalinga in two colours in the temple, manifesting the union of Shiva and Parvati.
Perla Home- Built in 1895, it is also known as “Perla Vari” and is among the first building to get electric supply in that region. The bedsteads in the bedroom are adorned with silver and a library still runs in this building. This monument exhibits the artifacts, European furniture and chandeliers.
How to reach Vizianagaram Fort?
To reach Vizianagaram Fort, you first need to reach Vizianagaram district. This place is well connected to major cities and lies on National Highway 43.
After reaching Vizianagaram hire a cab or local auto to head towards the Fort. The city also serves with an excellent local transportation connectivity through APSRTC buses, which are the cheapest source for reaching the Fort.
- by air- the nearest airport is Vishakhapatnam airport, 600 km distant from Vizianagaram. Hire a taxi outside the airport for a better reach to Vizianagaram Fort
- by train- Vizianagaram railway station is the nearest railway station to reach Vizianagaram Fort through train and this station is connected to major railway stations.
- by road- this place is well connected with the major towns and cities in the state through bus. The nearest bus station is APSRTC/ bus stand, Vizianagaram
TIMINGS to visit Vizianagaram Fort
- The fort is open for the visitors throughout the week from Monday to Sunday
- Time- 10:00 am to 5:00 pm